Lima, Peru

So my mission is really, really small compared to other LDS missions in the world. It basically encompasses only the capital city of Lima, Peru. Here are some facts that I’ve found in my research of the culture, climate and people that y’all might find interesting!

Basic Facts and Statistics:

Peru Map

Lima is the largest city of Peru.

It is the 16th most populous city in the world with a population approaching 9 million (Census    2007), and is the 6th largest city in both North and South America.

Lima is the 2nd largest capital located in a desert (after Cairo), and is the political, economic and cultural center of Peru.

[In case you were wondering, Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions.]

Lima is home to one-third of Peru’s population.

Metropolitan Lima stretches from the north to the south along the Pacific Ocean for around 37 miles, and is about 19 miles measured west to east.

Satellite photo of Lima

Satellite photo of Lima

Lima was a part of the Inca Empire in the 15th century.

The city was originally founded by Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1535 as Cuidad de los Reyes (City of the Kings), but the name was eventually restored to Lima, after the original name Limaq (Quechuan language).


Cultural Center of Lima

The official language of Lima is Spanish, and is spoken by almost 84% of Peru’s population, although in the Andes the Quechua and Aymara languages are also present, not to mention numerous Amazonian languages, such as Urinara.

Lima has a strangely mild climate throughout the year, despite being located in the tropics and in a desert.

Even though Lima is just 12° south of the equator, it rains on average between 1 and 3 cm of rainfall per year, which accumulates mainly during the winter months.

miraflores in the mist

Miraflores in the morning fog

The summers are sunny, moist and warm (December – May with average temps from 77° to 84° F), while the winters are notoriously foggy, and mild with gray skies, breezy conditions and high humidity (June – November with average temps from 54° to 68° F).

Over 35% of Lima’s population lives in squatter settlements called “pueblos jovenes” (young towns) or “barriadas” (shantytowns).


Slums outside of Lima

Unemployment is estimated at 7.9%, with underemployment near 50%.

Lima is home to the oldest university in the Americas – the National University of San Marcos (1551).


Total population in all of Peru: 30,475,144

Total Church Membership in all of Peru: 527,759

Missions: 10

Congregations: 786

Temples: 1

Family History Centers: 113

Lima, Peru LDS Temple

Lima, Peru LDS Temple



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